Update………………..& On These Dates In Local Weather HistoryDecember 3rd, 2012 at 10:23 pm by Chad Evans under Chad's WLFI Weather Blog
This is was an historical day & it is an historical night with record warmth. The 71 at WLFI unofficially tied the record high in the West Lafayette area set in 1982 & was 2 degrees from the all-time December record high of 73 set on December 2, 1982. Several stations in Illinois, however, did officially set all-time high December temperatures. Chicago’s Midway Airport hit an amazing 72 today with O’Hare at 70. O’Hare’s all-time December record is 71 set in 1970 & 1982. Rockford hit an all-time December high of 69, just to put today in perspective.
Even at 10:30 p.m., temperatures are well into the 60s with winds gusting as high as 39 mph in the viewing area.
Band of rain/some t’storms continues to gell to our west. 150-300 J/kg of elevated CAPE advecting in tonight via low-level jet support enough buoyancy for static & thus lightning discharge/thunder. So, will keep potential of “a few t’storms” within the rain going.
December 1, 1905
A winter storm with rain, freezing rain, sleet & snow struck the area on this date. Ice accumulations were as high as 1/4″ with a coating of sleet. It was nearly/all glaze ice in our southern counties, but central & northern counties received 1-4″ of snow with the glaze ice & sleet. Crawfordsville picked up 0.95″ of melted freezing rain with a bit of sleet, while West Lafayette had 0.62″of precipitation melted from glaze ice, sleet & 1″ of snow. The 0.70″ of liquid at Whitestown was largely freezing rain with some rain. Kokomo measured 0.70″ of liquid with part of that the 1.5″ of snow.
December 2, 1837
An early morning likely derecho brought a “violent gale” with damage to the area. “Scores of trees were uprooted” by the t’storms. Temperatures fell rapidly from unseasonable 60s & 70 ° to 30s. Scenario bears superficial resemblance (although observational data is scant) to the derecho of December 1998. The storm system brough unusually warm weather to not only our area, but as far north as northern New York, where 64° was recorded at Governeur, New York at 7 a.m. on December 3.
A pelting sleet storm on the night of December 1-2 was reported at Fort Snelling (at present-day Minneapolis, Minnesota). The sleet melted down to 1.15” liquid.
December 3, 1998
1998 had a very mild late fall & early winter. Today was the 6th day since November 27 that the temperature was at or above 60°. 3 more days would be above 60° until 70s & a strong cold front would end the streak on December 7.
December 4, 1982
Today was the third consecutive day with a record high temperature in the very warm December of 1982. In fact, these three days had highs above 70°, before additional records were broken December 25, 26 & 27 with highs in the 60s. The winter of 1982-83 was unprecedented for its lack of snowfall & appreciable cold caused by one of the strongest El Ninos on record in the Pacific & a persistent, positive NAO & AO.
December 5, 1991
Unusual Arctic outbreak welcomed December with not much snow cover (1-2” snowfall in parts of Newton, Jasper & Pulaski counties with trace to 0.8” elsewhere). The temperature fell to 1° at West Lafayette, Rensselaer & Attica, Boswell -1°, Kentland 0°, Crawfordsville, Frankfort, Kokomo, Romney, Rochester, Jamestown & Delphi 2°, Wheatfield, Winamac & Logansport 3. Interestingly, on December 9, temperatures soared in the 60s with 65° at Kentland & Delphi, 64° at Attica & 62° at Frankfort.
December 6, 1998
Between 12:30 & 2:15 a.m., a serial derecho with widespread straight-line winds of 60-70 mph with cores of 90-100 mph gusts blasted through the area. University Hall on the Purdue campus had major roof damage totaling $100,000. The wind blew over a 35-car freight train in Carroll County near Rockfield, while the third story of a Total Discount store in Logansport collapsed & fell into a restaurant. A grain bin was blown over near Walton & a barn was partially unroofed. At Peru, several buildings & homes were damaged in the city with the roof blown off a warehouse. A mobile home was destroyed near the city & another was overturned while trees fell on automobiles near Logansport. Widespread tree, powerline & barn/farm damage occurred area-wide. A wind gust of 82 mph was recorded at Grissom Air Reserve Base & 77 mph at West Lafayette. The only hail report was 0.75” at Wheatfield. Record warmth with highs of 68-74° preceded the storms & just prior to storm passage just after midnight, temperatures were still 65-70°.
December 7, 1927
From the 7th to the 8th, the temperature fell from 55° to 3° at West Lafayette as an Arctic cold front blasted through with strong winds. This occurred after 1-2” of rainfall on the 7th. At Rensselaer, the temperature fell from 53° to 3°, at Kokomo 55° to 5°, Crawfordsville went from 56° to 6°, Wheatfield crashed from 52° to 0° & Whitestown 54° to 4°. Southeast of Indianapolis as Rushville, the mercury went from an astonishing 65° to 6° in 24 hours.
The 1.53” of rainfall at Wheatfield to the 1.11” at Crawfordsville to 0.93” at Kokomo & 1.32” at West Lafayette caused ponding in fields that froze solid nearly instantly with passage of the front.
December 8, 1966
Rare December severe weather event produces F2 tornadoes in Jasper & Montgomery counties. 1 person was injured in Jasper County with additional straight-line wind damage in White & parts of Montgomery County. The wettest December day on record occurred at Logansport with this event when 3.20” rain fell.
December 9, 1930
1930 had the driest December on record for part of the viewing area. Precipitation totals amounted to just 0.16” at Frankfort, 0.23” Logansport, 0.24” West Lafayette, Crawfordsville 0.43” & Kokomo 0.48” for the month.
December 10, 1971
QLCS squall line with damaging straight-line winds moved through central & southern Indiana. Straight-line wind damage with gusts to 65 mph occurred in Montgomery & Boone counties.
December 11, 1967
7 tornadoes are confirmed in Indiana along with damaging straight-line winds as strong low pressure moved north-northeastward from Memphis, Tennessee to northwest Michigan. One person was injured from an F1 in Putnam County & wind gusts to 65 mph occurred in southeast Montgomery & Boone counties. After such a wet, cool fall, only 60-70% of the soybean & corn crop in Indiana & Illinois was harvested. Tornadoes & damaging winds damaged & even flattened acres & acres of crops. Structural damage from the tornadoes alone amounted to $358,000 (1967 dollars). Many other tornadoes, wind & hail occurred in the southeastern United States with damage in the millions of dollars. Just 10 days later, another significant severe weather outbreak would occur in the same regions of Indiana with more heavy rainfall, which continued to delay the harvest.
December 12, 1875
The pressure gradient between a strong surface high pressure over Texas & a very strong surface low over northern Michigan of 980 mb (low-end Category 2 hurricane strength) brought howling northwest winds to the area with highs in the 30s. Gusts of 50 mph occurred in the viewing area as the “gale” blew through.
December 13, 1901
After a long, hot, dry summer, record daily December rainfall record was broken at Rensselaer with 2.52”. Marion measured 2.26” of rainfall, Crawfordsville had 2.35”, West Lafayette 2.18” & Whitestown 2.25”. An Arctic blast rushed in behind the heavy rainfall with 1-2” of snow & massive temperature falls from 58 to -3 in 24 hours at West Lafayette, 57 to -2 at Whitestown, 56 to -1 at Marion, 57 to -5 at Crawfordsville & 54 to -2 at Kokomo.
December 14, 1907
A significant winter storm of snow, sleet & freezing rain affected the viewing area.
At Crawfordsville 1.01” of precipitation fell with 2” of snow & sleet with ice glazing. West Lafayette 1.11” of precipitation fell with 5.5” of snow & ice. At Kokomo, the ice amounted to 1.00” of melted precipitation & 1.5” of snow & sleet. It was mainly snow in Jasper County with 9” at Rensselaer. 8.9” of snowfall set a daily record at Hoopeston, Illinois (which still stands) on this date in 1907.
December 15, 1987
A very intense storm system moved through the viewing area during the morning, producing a damaging windstorm. The strong surface low racing from Memphis to Gary deepened to 980 mb near Kankakee, Illinois around 7 a.m. (Category 2 hurricane strength). Howling winds of 55-70 mph occurred 5-10 a.m. with wind damage across the viewing area.
December 16, 1846
At this point, a thaw began to ensue after some snow & icing in early to mid-December 1846. Heavy rainfall occurred around Christmas & thereafter. “All of the streams” were said to be running over December 31 with a peak in flooding around January 4 & then again around the 15th. “The month of December 1846 was remarkable for the great amount of rainfall for a winter month. The rain fell almost incessantly for many days, which swelled the volumes of water in the creeks to an unprecedented height, which resulted in the greatest, most destructive overflow………”, stated Charles Blanchard.
The flood of late ’46 & January ’47 “did so much damage, that the state legislature provided for the repraisement of real property that had been injured, and for change of the tax duplicates for the extent of the injury”, according to the Acts of 1847. For years southwest of Indianapolis, many visited a gigantic sycamore tree in the White River bottoms that marked the height of this winter flood (from History of Clay & Owen Counties, 1884).
December 17, 1951
A 3-8” snow pack, a clear cold night & an Arctic air mass brought record cold to the viewing area. With 3” of fresh snow on the ground, West Lafayette dropped -17. 3” of snow on the ground caused Rensselaer dropped to -17, as well. A fresh 3” at Crawfordsville allowed the temperature to drop to -12, while Delphi bottomed out at -13 with 5” of snow. Kentland had 4” on the ground with -14, Kokomo had 4” with -12, Veedersburg had 4” with -15, Peru 4” with -12, Wheatfield had 5” with -19.
December 17, 1883
A strong, gusty Alberta Clipper tracking & deepening from North Dakota to the Ohio Valley dumped 9” of snow on Lafayette, 7” on Logansport & 8” at Delphi, which was blown into huge drifts.
Reportedly, “the snowstorm delayed passenger trains on all the [rail] roads last night” -Logansport
Arctic air preceded the clipper with lows in the single digits, followed by a warm-up into the 20s, then another Arctic blast behind the clipper. Wind chills dropped to -25.
The winter storm was apart of the long, cold, snowy winter of 1883-84.
December 18, 1977
Winter began very early in 1977 & rarely let up with cold & deep snows through the legendary winter of 1977-78. Long stretches of deep snow pack occurred. In fact, from January 13-March 15, 1978 at least 1” of snow was on the ground at observation time at the Purdue Agronomy Farm, a record 61-day stretch. This was the longest such stretch in the Lafayette/West Lafayette area since 1881.
After snow pack as deep as 21” (Crawfordsville recorded the deepest snow pack on record on December 9, 1977) in early December 1977, today was one of the rare instances of bare ground to be seen in this winter with a rare mild day of 51 at Kokomo, 53 Winamac & Rochester, 54 at West Lafayette, Delphi, Logansport, Rensselaer, Romney, Frankfort & Whitestown, 56 Kentland, 57 at Covington.
December 19, 1929
20.5” of snowfall at West Lafayette is still the heaviest 24-hour snowfall recorded for the Lafayette-West Lafayette area. Rensselaer picked up 13”, while Kokomo measured 7” & Marion 8”. 10.3” fell at Crawfordsville, 10” at Wheatfield & 8” at Whitestown. The heaviest band appears to have run from near Oxford to West Lafayette to Peru.
December 20, 1973
Historic snowstorm comes to an end, which shut down the viewing area with nearly 2 feet of snowfall in places. For many locations, it was the heaviest 24-hour snowstorm on record. 20.6” fell at Kokomo, 18” Frankfort, 17” West Lafayette & Attica, 16” at Crawfordsville & Logansport. 16.5” fell at Romney with 15.5” at Rensselaer.
December 20, 1836
The “Famous Sudden Change”…………
A storm system brought a cold rain atop rapidly-melting snow pack as temperatures soared into the 40s with brisk south winds & fog.
Suddenly in the afternoon the northwestern skies turned very dark with a gust front-type shelf cloud was observed on the open prairies. The roar of wind with it could be heard for miles. Men reportedly rushed for shelter when they heard the distant wind with the temperature dropping into the teens & 20s in minutes.
This was a very strong Arctic front that raced across the prairies & roared into the area with winds estimated at 50-70 mph. Temperatures fell from 40-45 to 0 in a matter of a couple of hours, dropping to -10 overnight.
There are tails of men frozen on horseback when getting caught out in the Arctic front, hypothermia & even deaths of settlers from extreme nature of the cold’s arrival. Waves of water on the Wabash freezing instantly on the riverbank & the wind of the Arctic front screamed through the forests along the Wabash. The high temperatures December 21 were only in the single digits despite ample sunshine.
One pioneer was out in the field with a team and heard the wind’s noise. He whipped up as fast as he could; but before he could lay up a low fence where he had driven through and drive half a mile, he thought he would freeze stiff.
Some accounts from Illinois:
Spencer Ellsworth describes the situation: “The morning was mild, with a settled rain gradually changing the snow on the ground into a miserable slush. Suddenly a black cloud came sweeping over the sky from the northwest, accompanied by a roaring wind as the cold wave struck the land, the rain and slush were changed in a twinkling to ice.”
John Moses recalled watching a heavy black cloud advance from the northwest on hurricane-force winds about two o’clock in the afternoon. “Almost instantly, the strong wind…accompanied by a deep, bellowing sound, with its icy blast, swept over the land, and everything was frozen hard. The water in the little ponds in the roads froze in waves, sharp-edged and pointed, as the gale had blown it. The chickens, pigs and other small animals were frozen in their tracks.”
Moses reported ice forming in the stream thicken to between six inches and a foot in a few hours, and wagon wheels ceasing to roll, congealed into the previously slushy ground………the temperatures changed so quickly, man and cattle were frozen in their tracks, and the ice had to be cut away or melted before they could walk.
Martin Rinehart: “It began to rain and continued all day, when suddenly it turned intensely cold, making ice over the ground and freezing very hard. The sudden change caught many persons unprepared, and they were frozen to death. Two men named Hildreth and Frame were crossing Four Mile Prairie on that day. They became bewildered and lost their way when the change came. They killed their horses, and Frame crawled inside the body of his horse for protection against the cold, but it proved his tomb, as he was found therein frozen to death. Hildreth wandered around all night and when found in the morning he was so badly frozen, that he lost his toes and fingers.”
Minnesota State Climate Office:
December (mean temperature: 17 F) brought mild and virtually snowless weather through mid-month followed by near-record cold. On the 1st, the mercury dipped to 4 F, the Mississippi freezing over next day. But an extended mild pattern quickly followed, most days through mid-month in the 30′s and 40′s, the 7th 49 F and the 8th 48 F. Following 1-2 inches of snow on the 19th-20th, the first measurable precipitation in 39 days, an arctic surge brought -22 F on the morning of the 21st, the mercury staying below zero all day. A four-inch snowstorm accompanied by moderating temperatures came over the 23rd-24th, but on the evening of the latter, an even more intense cold wave drove the mercury down nearly 40 F in 10 hours to minus -28 F by Christmas morning, 1 F shy of 1822′s low mark for December. The year went out mild again, each of the last four afternoons in the 30′s.
December 21, 1967
Wettest December day on record for several locations accompanies the second rare December severe weather event in a week in Indiana. Straight-line wind damage occurred in Montgomery County with an F3 tornado in Grant County. At least 4 tornadoes were confirmed in Indiana with damage amounting to $300,000 (1967 dollars). 3 people were injured in Grant & Wells counties. The rain & storms also produced heavy rainfall. December daily rainfall records were set with 3.94” at Kentland, 3.48” Frankfort, 3.15” at Winamac & 3.01” at Peru. 1967 ended up as the wettest December on record at Delphi with 7.02”.
December 22, 1989
1989 barely beat out the frigid December of 1963 & 1983 for the coldest on record for most of the viewing area. It was the coldest December on record at Boswell, Delphi, Frankfort, Kentland, Kokomo, Logansport, Perrysville, Peru, Tipton & Winamac.
For other cities, 1983 was the coldest. 1983 was the coldest at Crawfordsville, Rochester, Wheatfield & Whitestown. Yet, 1963 had the coldest December at West Lafayette & Romney. December 22, 1989 was the coldest December morning on modern record at Romney with -25, -24 at Crawfordsville & Kokomo, at West Lafayette, Winamac, Tipton with -22, at Rensselaer, Perrysville with -23, -21 at Kentland & -20 at Logansport.
December 23, 1915
A tremendous, pre-Christmas snowstorm dumped a whooping 18” of snow on Kokomo, paralyzing the city. 11” of snow fell on Rensselaer with 8” at West Lafayette, 7.7” at Crawfordsville. Of the 1.28” of precipitation, 4.6” was snow at Whitestown, while the rest was sleet & ice. This ice towards Indianapolis was said to have “interfered with transportation & wires” according to the Monthly Weather Review from the Weather Bureau in December 1915.
December 24, 1872
It was an extremely cold pre-Christmas in 1872. The morning of Christmas Eve registered -25. Crown Point, Indiana is said to have recorded a temperature of -30°. This ranks with the Great Pre-Christmas Arctic Outbreak of 1989.
December 25, 1982
Christmas 1982 joined the ranks of Christmas 1979, 1893, 1889, 1867 & 1862 where temperatures equated or exceeded 60 degrees in the Lafayette/West Lafayette area. The mercury reached 62 on this date in ’82 to establish a new official record for the date.
December 26, 1980
At least 1” of snowfall was on the ground December 24-January 2 at West Lafayette. This was a long, cold, snowy winter of 1980-81. January 6-21 also had an unbroken stretch of snow pack. 8 of the first 13 days had low temperatures below zero in January. 1981 had a cold spring, as well. 22 of the 31 days at Lafayette had lows in the 30s & 40s in May.